The Various Bunion Treatment Methods
People who've suffered from bunions know how unsightly and irritating they can be. These are localized enlargements of tissue and bone which are located at the top, sides and bottom of the big and small toe. Here is an insight into various bunion treatment methods and procedures.
In most cases, non-surgical therapy is used. It is necessary to discuss the various options with a physician. Such may include painkillers and pads. The pills should be used under prescription. You could also purchase special pads made of gel/fleece at a pharmacy. Some of them are adhesive while others have a small loop that fits over the big toe. They both work by shielding the foot from excessive pressure. You could use these pads together with an ice pack to help numb the pain and relieve any swelling. However, these cannot prevent a nodule from worsening with time.
There are also other devices (known as orthotics) which are placed inside shoes to realign the bones of the feet. These relieve the bunion off pressure thus easing the pain. You can either purchase orthotics over the counter or have them custom-fitted by a podiatrist. When purchasing the devices, ensure that they are of the right material, thickness, liner and dimension.
Other devices include bunion splints which are worn over the top of the foot and big toe to straighten the alignment. These come in 2 variants to be worn during the day and at night. Toe spacers can also be used to relieve the pain caused by the deformity.
Another temporary remedy involves soaking the affected foot in warm water. This softens the calluses and relieves the pain. Stretching exercises are also administered to reduce tension in the affected area.
For treatment to be effective, one should maintain proper foot hygiene and wear the right type of shoes. This prevents progressive injury and inflammation. It is also good to see a doctor as soon as you spot any deformity on your feet. Any delays may not only worsen the condition, but also make it difficult and expensive to treat.